Urban-ism determined by technology!

Now technology dramatically changed, what is the change of the city?

Some old infrastucture were abandoned, Some were changed their original funciton. What it will be in future?
Where is the best place for public housing?  How to reuse the infrastructure to enhance the quality of living environment?
What kind of infrastructure influence the food accessibility the most?


TOPIC: Analysis and visual display of the context.


INPUT:   Static data like building code from city of chicago

Dynamic data collection from ARDUINO

PROCESSING: Date base of the environment.

OUTPUT:  AR, VR Display of the context.


The Garbage Cans are Watching You

An advertising company, called Renew, is receiving backlash from inhabitants of London, for the sensors they have put in their “smart” trash bins. The bins, dubbed “smart” bins, measure the Wi-fi signals emitted by peoples cell phones and after multiple trash bins pick up the same wi-fi signal, the bins are able to determine the route that users took. Citizens of London have hit back and on August 12th officials demanded that all the bins be removed from the streets for personal privacy reasons.

Renew’s chief executive, Kaveh Memari, defends his product, explaining that the bins can track phone signals and recognize the same phones, but cannot determine who’s phone it is or any other personal message. The idea would be similar to web “cookies”. This is the tracking of files that follow internet users through the web, and with these trash cans using phone signals to identify users, Memari hopes that he can “cookie the street.”

Trash bins track peoples smart phones

Trash bins track peoples smart phones

This is something that could provide the opportunity to track people occupying public transport or track people at stops. This could provide the potential to know, for example, where a certain user enters a bus and where he gets off. This could potentially allow the buses to identify patterns between users to be able to identify more acceptable bus routes.

Monitoring People by detecting cell phone

The intent of this post is to give potential ways of tracking people on CTA buses. There is currently no way of tracking individuals, nor who gets off at what stations. With the hopes of providing a prototype for a system that will give the CTA a more comprehensive analysis of their riders, several factors will be necessary.

1. There needs to be an accurate way to detect when a person boards the bus as well as when they get off.

2. There needs to be a way to detect multiple people and keep track of them as they shift through the bus.

The wide spread use of cell phones would offer one way of tracking peoples movements. Cell phone detectors are common in prisons as cell phones have become one of the largest contraband items in prisons. These systems are relatively inexpensive and they are non intrusive, meaning they detect the radiation given off by phones and do not actually monitor phone usage. This second part is important because it allows us to track people without illegally monitoring their calls, texts, or data streaming. Here are links to the two most commonly used companies for cell phone detection.


This is geared more towards protecting a wifi network but it still is capable of detecting cell phone uses anywhere from 5-100 ft. If hacked and set with an aduino circuit board this would give the opportunity to monitor the radiation given off by cell phones with reference to location on the bus.

The second link is  to the far more common BVS systems cell phone detector


This system is as small as a deck of cards, which would be advantageous on a crowded bus. This detection is up to 75 ft which allows it to detect anywhere on a bus. If properly used this could allow for detection of peoples cell phones when they get on the bus and when they get off, essentially allowing to track multiple people and to better determine what are the busiest bus stops.

The suggested prototype for this will not give the information on what the best bus routes but it will give the potential prototype for collecting the information necessary to determine this in the future.

The last link is for a tiny homemade motion detector. This is an alternative to cell phone detection but it would be difficult to get a comprehensive understanding of the amount of people on the bus as it monitors motion and cannot determine individuals


If you’ve ever used craigslist before then you know, it’s just not very good. That’s not to say you can’t find what you need on there. The site is full of amazing deals and goods and services of all kinds, but navigating it involves opening new browser tab after browser tab, going back and forth and generally losing your way.


For those of you who are tired of the craigslist user experience from circa 1996, head on over to craiggers, the site that lets you interact with Craigslist the way you ought to.

As the craiggers’ tagline says, the site is simply “craigslist data, better than craigslist!” It allows users a number of simple functions you’ve likely unconsciously wished for for years but didn’t even realize you were desperately missing. For example, the site separates navigation into a number of columns, so you don’t need to open listings in new tabs or hit the back and forward buttons all the time. Click on a result and it loads in the same page. Hit the down arrow or click on a different entry and it loads in the right most column without ever leaving the page.

Beyond navigation – which is quite an improvement already – craiggers adds on a new layer of functionality when it comes to searching. No longer do you have to search simply within a single geographic area. As the site points out, “there are cases when searching outside your immediate community benefits both seekers and providers,” giving the example of searching for a stolen bike or adopting a dog. When you search on craiggers, you can specify that you want to see results from neighboring locations and it will show you those as well.

Furthermore, if you wanted to search craigslist repeatedly, say for a job or an apartment, craiggers will not only let you save the search to repeat later, but it will also send you an email notification twice a day of results.

craiggers: An Example for Developers

For those of you out there interested in more than simply craiglist searches, there’s another interesting aspect to craiggers – it was built using the 3taps API. We firstwrote about 3taps last month when the company launched at the Data 2.0 conference, explaining how the company wanted to “democratize the exchange of data.”

Through the 3taps API, data from craigslist, eBay, Indeed, Etsy, Amazon and a host of other services is available in real-time, making mash-ups like this possible. Craiggers was built by the 3taps team as an example of the potential of its offering and we think it makes quite an argument.

Craigslist rentals and boundary layers API on (Alpha)

This API originated from my ‘Craigslist Rentals on Map’

As you can see, I haven’t put a lot of efforts to make this site pretty. I just wanted to make it usable. Making this API public is an effort to encourage others to create better websites than mine.

This API takes away the pain of crowling, mining, geocoding and indexing Craigslist data and provides very simple web service calls to fetch the data. This way you can focus on creating a great rentals classifieds application without worrying about GIS bit of it.
You can use this API with Google Maps, Microsoft Bing maps, Yahoo maps etc.

The API supports 2 calls:


Service URL:

Parameter Description
xmin Longitude (min)
ymin Latitude (min)
xmax Longitude (max)
ymax Latitude (max)
bd Number of Bedrooms
ba Number of Bathrooms
type 1: For room rentals
2: For apartment and houses
maxrecords If not passed, maxrecords is set to 250.
If you pass maxRecords=1500,
you can retrieve bulk data using one request.
throwErrorIfOverLimit If not passed, this is ‘true’
You can set throwErrorIfOverLimit=false to get the top ‘maxrecords’ instead of error.
callback Name of a javascript function you want to be called back.

Example URL:

The output will be in JSON format. (If you need specific API, send an email on and I will try to speed up the documentation process.)


Service URL:

Parameter Description
TID Tile ID or Quad Key. (%4 in VE map)
GridX X value of a tile (For google map)
GridY y value of a tile (For google map)
GridZ Zoom level (For google map)
Layer Name of a layer

1. Neighborhoods
2. ElementarySchoolDistricts
3. SecondarySchoolDistricts
4. UnifiedSchoolDistricts


Example URL:


License/Disclaimer/Terms of Use:

Craigslist Quietly Begins Testing Maps

Craigslist has just gotten a major cartographic upgrade. The popular classified advertising website has quietly begun testing embedded maps on ads for housing in the San Francisco Bay and Portland, Oregon areas.

Craigslist’s new housing ad maps use data from OpenStreetMap, a website that seeks to offer free and reliable location data compiled by volunteers around the world (similar in principle to Wikipedia), as the OpenStreetMap Foundation firstobserved on August 21.

“They appear to be hosting the maps themselves,” wrote Richard Fairhurst, a board member of the nonprofit OpenStreetMap Foundation, which coordinates the project, in an email to TPM.

The move comes just about a month after Craigslist filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against two other web startups, PadMapper and 3taps, for using Craigslist housing ad data on maps.

Specifically, PadMapper was sued for putting housing ads from Craigslist (as well as other brokers and realty listings websites) into a custom Google Maps view, showing the exact location of the houses listed in the ads as pins on a map. PadMapper said it obtained the data from 3taps, which in turn scrapes it from search engine listings of Craigslist posts.

In response, Craigslist reportedly began removing its post listings from search engines and introduced, then withdrew a new agreement with users to the exclusive rights to their ad content.

Craigslist was widely criticized by tech bloggers for its move to prosecute the two startups, all the more so because the company, which launched in 1995 and incorporated in 1999, has for most of its history been heralded as a beacon of Web openness and user-friendliness.

So there’s a certain irony to Craigslist suing other companies for creating maps with Craigslist ad data — claiming a breach of proprietary content — then turning around and using an open, crowd-sourced mapping solution to create its own maps.

It’s unclear whether Craigslist plans to expand the maps to other locations or post categories. Craigslist did not return request for comment in time for the publication of this post.

Still, Craigslist’s new maps test is significant for another reason: The company becomes the latest major tech brand to choose OpenStreetMap over Google Maps for reliable location data.AppleFoursquare and Wikipedia’s mobile app have all switched from Google Maps to OpenStreetMap this year alone. Major iPhone and iPad apps will also be changing from Google Maps to OpenStreetMap once it becomes the default on the iPhone and iPad this fall, with the release of Apple’s update mobile operating system, iOS6.

The defections are thought to be due to Google’s decision to begin charging heavy users of its Google Maps API (application programming interface — the code which allows third-party apps to use Google Maps data) in January. Google recently reduced the charges, with a company release saying Google had been “listening carefully to feedback.”


factors affecting happiness

Full Definition of HAPPY

:  favored by luck or fortune :  fortunate <a happycoincidence>
:  notably fitting, effective, or well adapted :  felicitous <ahappy choice>
:  enjoying or characterized by well-being and contentment<is the happiest person I know> <a happy childhood>

:  expressing, reflecting, or suggestive of happiness <ahappy ending>

:  gladpleased <I’m happy to meet you>

:  having or marked by an atmosphere of good fellowship : friendly <a happy office>

:  characterized by a dazed irresponsible state <a punch-happy boxer>

:  impulsively or obsessively quick to use or do something<trigger-happy>

:  enthusiastic about something to the point of obsession : obsessed <education-conscious and statistic-happy — Helen Rowen>

The Happiness Factor—Scientists know that positive people are happier,
period. Tapping into your bright side is easier than you’d guess.
By Nancy Kalish, Prevention

Here are four habits that longevity experts say are at the heart of a sunny disposition—and that you
can adopt, too.
Perhaps your neighborhood gossip is on to something: All that chitchat keeps her plugged into a
thriving social network—and people who socialize at least once a week are more likely to live longer,
keep their brains sharp, and prevent heart attacks. One reason: “Just talking on the phone to a friend
has the immediate effect of lowering your blood pressure and cortisol levels,” says Teresa Seeman,
PhD, a professor of medicine and epidemiology at UCLA.
“Our research shows that having good long-term relationships provides as many physical benefits as
being active or a nonsmoker.” Make the effort to connect with the friends you already have. Call now,
and before you hang up, schedule a lunch date—personal contact is even better.
Buoy your spirits by recording happy events on paper, your computer, or a PDA. People who write
about all the things they are thankful for are optimistic about the upcoming week and more satisfied
overall with their lives, according to a University of California, Davis, study. They also feel physically
“It’s hard to be bitter and mad when you’re feeling grateful,” says Sonja Lyubomirsky, PhD, author of
the upcoming book, “The How of Happiness: A Scientific Approach to Getting the Life You Want.” But
don’t overdo it. Women who kept a gratitude journal only once a week got a bigger boost in
happiness than those asked to record their good fortune three times a week. Find the frequency that
works for you – giving thanks shouldn’t feel like a chore.
Do you perform five acts of kindness in any given day? That’s the number of good deeds that boosts
your sense of well-being and happiness, according to research by Lyubomirsky. Your karmic acts can
be minor and unplanned – giving up your seat on the bus; buying an extra latte to give to a

coworker. You’ll find that the payback greatly exceeds the effort. “You see how much you’re
appreciated and liked by others,” she says. Be sure to keep up the good work: When Lyubomirsky
asked her study subjects to space their five good deeds over the course of a week, the actions
started to seem routine and lost some of their therapeutic effects. But don’t fret if you can’t make the
quota daily. “Being spontaneously kind also delivers rewards,” she says.
Yes, you can rewrite history—and feel better about yourself in the bargain. Set aside a little time
each week to write about or record—or even just mentally revisit—an important event in your past.
Reflecting on the experience can reshape your perception of it, as well as your expectations for the
future, says Robert N. Butler, MD, president of the International Longevity Center-USA in New York
City. When creating this “life review,” you get to list all your accomplishments—an instant self-esteem
booster. Organize your historical review by epochs: your postcollege years, early marriage, career,
motherhood. Subdivide each section into triumphs, missteps, and lessons for the future.
It’s helpful to look at the bad times as well as the good. Perhaps now that a few years have passed,
you’ll be able to see how that breakup or failed job opportunity opened other doors and finally
forgive yourself—and your ex-boyfriend or would-be boss. “Even if a memory is painful, it’s good to
work through it,” says Butler. “If you can come to terms with past events, you’ll be better able to
handle tough times down the road.” So be honest, but also go easy on yourself. Remember: You are
the heroine in this tale.
The Best Kind of Pessimist
If you’re an irritable sort who thinks of your eternally cheery neighbor as a delusional Pollyanna, are
you doomed to poor health? Not if you’re an active pessimist, a feisty spirit who loves to complain,
criticize, and generally mix it up with others—but then takes action. “Active pessimists do battle with
life. Being that engaged is actually good for them and can provide some of the same benefits that
optimists enjoy,” says Toni Antonucci, PhD, director of the Life Course Development Program of the
Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan.

The 10 Happiest (and Saddest) Cities in the U.S.

Bigger isn’t necessarily best when it comes to quality of life. In a Gallup survey released this week of the U.S. cities rated highest for overall well-being, New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago all failed to crack the top 50. By contrast, nine of the top 10 spots in the survey went to mid-size cities, with the Boulder, Colorado metro area grabbing the top overall spot. The only big city that cracked the top 10 was the Washington, D.C. area.

Where to get your happy on:

The 10 Happiest Cities (Overall Ranking)
1. Boulder, CO
2. Lincoln, NE
3. Fort Collins-Loveland, CO
4. Provo-Orem, UT
5. Honolulu, HI
6. Madison, WI
7. Cedar Rapids, IA
8. Gainesville, FL
9. Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
10. Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

At the other end of the spectrum, among the 188 metropolitan areas Gallup focused on, these regions turned up the least-contented residents:

The 10 Saddest Cities in America
179. Utica-Rome, NY
180. Prescott, AZ
181. Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ
182. Spartanburg, SC
183. Hickory-Lenoir- Morganton, NC
184. Fort Smith, AR-OK
185. Redding, CA
186.Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX
187. Youngstown-Warren- Boardman, OH-PA
188. Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH

Here’s how the rankings went among the largest cities in the country, defined as being those with one million or more residents (for the record, among the country’s biggest metro areas, Los Angeles grabs bragging rights at 62nd overall, followed by Chicago at 80th, and the New York metro area at 90th).

The 10 Happiest Large Cities
1. Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
2. Austin-Round Rock, TX
3. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
4. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA
5. San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA
6. Minneapolis-St.Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
7. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH
8. San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA
9. Raleigh-Cary, NC
10. Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
And for good measure, here are the rankings for the smallest cities in the country, defined as those with less than 300,000 residents.

The 10 Happiest Small Cities
1. Burlington-South Burlington, VT
2. Olympia, WA
3. Bellingham, WA
4. Bremerton-Silverdale, WA
5. Topeka, KS
6. Barnstable Town, MA
7. Charlottesville, VA
8. Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA
9. Medford, OR
10. Amarillo, TX
How You Doin’? 
To come up with its rankings, Gallup conducted daily interviews throughout 2010 with a total of 352,840 Americans (about 1,000 interviews a day), and asked them a series of questions grouped into six broad categories:

  • Life Evaluation. The big question here was to rate your current life on a scale of 0-10 (10 being the best) and then imagine your life five years out and give another rating. (Honolulu was #1 in this category.)
  • Physical Health: Respondents were asked to weigh in on whether they had any health issues that prevented them from doing any age-appropriate stuff and how many days over the past month had they been ill enough that it messed up their plans . They were also queried on current physical ailments — such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and heart conditions — and whether they had a cranky neck, back, knee, or leg in the past year that had caused chronic pain. (Boulder was #1 in this category)
  • Healthy Behavior: The usual suspects here: the survey asked about cigarette smoking, the number of weekly workouts (at least 30 minutes long), and how many days out of the week respondents managed to eat five or more servings of fruits and veggies. (Salinas, CA — think Monterey/Carmel — was #1 in this category)
  • Emotional. Questions included: Were you treated with respect all day yesterday? (the survey did not provide breakout data on respondents with teenage kids), did you smile or laugh a lot yesterday?, and did you learn or do something interesting yesterday? (Honolulu was #1 in this category)
  • Work: Among the questions in this section: Are you satisfied/dissatisfied with your job?, do you get to use your strengths so you can do what you do best?, does your supervisor behave like a boss or a partner?, and does your supervisor create a trusting and open work environment?(Gainesville, Fla was #1 in this category.)
  • Basic Access. This section was a bit of the kitchen sink variety. Medical-related questions included whether respondents had been to a dentist in the past year, have a personal doctor, and have health insurance. It also included a series of questions about general satisfaction/dissatisfaction with the city/region, the availability of fresh fruits and vegetables, and how safe it feels to walk alone at night. (Holland-Grand Haven, Mich. was #1 in this category.)

Administrative History of Chicago Federation of Settlements and Neighborhood Centers

The Chicago Federation of Settlements and Neighborhood Centers (CFSNC) was founded at Hull-House in 1894 by representatives from Hull-House, Northwestern University Settlement, Maxwell Street Settlement, University of Chicago Settlement, Epworth House and Chicago Commons. The Federation brought together settlement workers, social work professionals, and supporters of the settlement house movement from all around the City of Chicago. As part of its mission, the CFSNC provided settlement workers with a forum to share objectives and ideas, organized and conducted studies of local economic conditions, planned charitable events, coordinated activities of area settlements, and cooperated with outside social service agencies.

From 1894-1921, the Federation grew to include thirty-six members and opened an office in downtown Chicago. In 1922, the Chicago Federation of Settlements was incorporated by the State of Illinois. The charter named six prominent Chicago settlement workers as directors: Jane Addams, Hull-House; Harriet E. Vittum, Northwestern University Settlement; Lea D. Taylor, Chicago Commons; Ruth Austin, Gad’s Hill Center; Mrs. Beryl T. Gould, House of Happiness; and Winifred Salisbury. The enumerated objectives of the Federation were: “to act as a clearing house for information about settlements and their work; a placement bureau for settlement workers; to provide information and advice regarding training and to co-ordinate the activities of the settlement houses of the City of Chicago.”

The bulk of the CFSNC Collection chronicles the years between 1961-1980 during the Executive Directorship of Clarence W. Boebel. During Boebel’s tenure the CFSNC expanded the national Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) program, founded pre-Kindergarten education programs (i.e. Head Start and Day Care), and created the United Settlement Appeal as a fund-raising mechanism for social service agencies. The CFSNC also cooperated with outside social service agencies such as the National Federation of Settlement and Neighborhood Centers, Welfare Council of Metropolitan Chicago, Chicago Committee on Urban Opportunity, the Model Cities project, and the Illinois Commission on Children.

Though the Federation served as an umbrella organization for the settlement movement, Boebel’s leadership style privileged local autonomy over centralized decision-making. In 1980, Boebel reflected on his career and the necessity for social workers to continue to settle in Chicago’s lower-income neighborhoods. Boebel instructed the next generation of social workers: “The only [approach] that really worked was the simplest one. That was: regardless of your culture or ethnic differences, you settled in the neighborhood and said – What is it we can do together?”

Supporting Boebel was a cadre of staff including: Mary De Johnette, Director of Education services; Gladys Hilton, Coordinator of Social Action; Mattie Wright, Director of Finance, and Althea Murray, Director of the summer youth employment program. Hilton served as Director of the Social Education and Action committee (SEA) that lobbied state and city legislators to improve child care and welfare policymaking. De Johnette helped found Head Start and Day Care programs in Chicago in the early 1960s. In 1980, De Johnette replaced Boebel as Executive Director of the CFSNC.

Return to Table of Contents »

Scope and Contents

This collection reflects the history, activity, leadership, and mission of the CFSNC and its relationship with outside service agencies, government bodies, and the public. The bulk of the collection consists of material about social work in Chicago between the years 1960-1980. The collection illustrates the CFSNC’s efforts to improve child care, education, housing, and access to health care in lower-income neighborhoods in the City of Chicago. The files contain correspondence, photographs, newsletters, articles, brochures, professional journals, newspaper clippings, legal publications, handbooks, meeting minutes, and annual reports.

The collection is divided into four series reflecting the administrative organization of the CFSNC. The committee file series illustrates the day-to-day operations of the CFSNC through meeting minutes, budget reports, and correspondence. The reference file series reveals the myriad community issues that Chicago social workers addressed from 1960-1980 and consists of reports, surveys, and studies conducted by local, state, and national social service agencies. The member agency series includes organizational records of over thirty Chicago settlements and neighborhood centers between the years 1950-1970. The member agency photograph series contains photographs of Chicago area settlements between the years 1905-1975.